Farm Share of Food Dollar Reaches Historic Low

U.S. farms received 14.5 cents per dollar spent on domestically produced food in 2021 which is a decrease of one cent from a revised 15.5 cents in 2020.

The figure is the lowest recorded farm share value in nearly three decades, according to USDA’s Economic Research Service.

The remaining portion of the food dollar, known as the marketing share, covers the costs of getting domestically produced food from farms to points of purchase, including costs related to packaging, transporting, processing, and selling to consumers.

One contributor to the 2021 decline in farm share was a shift to food away from home spending.

Farms typically receive a smaller share of food away from home spending because of the large amount of value added by outlets such as restaurants.

As a result, the farm share generally decreases when food away from home spending increases faster than food at home spending.